Heroin Addiction: How is it Treated?
Heroin is a highly addictive drug produced by morphine that is obtained from the opium poppy. Opiates and Heroin is one of the most severe substances abused in the whole world. In addition to health conditions caused by the drug itself, there are numerous of other risks connected with heroin addiction which is not much of an issue with other drugs. Heroin is used in a variety of ways, determined by user preference plus the purity of the drug.
Heroin can be injected right into a muscle, mixed in a marijuana joint or regular cigarette, injected into a vein, smoked in the water pipe or standard pipe, inhaled as smoke by using a straw, or snorted as powder through the nose.
According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), between 2002 and 2013, the speed of heroin-related overdose deaths nearly quadrupled in the USA, and 8,200 people died in 2013. The CDC cites heroin as one “illegal, highly addictive opioid drug.” Its overdose may result in slow and shallow breathing, coma or death.
It is a common practice with folks to use heroin along with drugs or alcohol. This is often a dangerous proposition since it increases the probability of an overdose manifold. Usually, heroin is injected, but people also smoke or snort it on occasion.
Individuals who inject heroin are at risk of severe, long-term viral infections WHICH includes HIV, Hepatitis C, and Hepatitis B, and also bacterial infections in the skin, bloodstream, and heart.
Not only in renowned rehabs just like the drug rehab centers, but heroin addicts undoubtedly are a regular feature among patients in hospitals even in a remote borough. Heroin use has skyrocketed in rural parts of the United States in the past years, triggered due to the widespread availability of inexpensive forms of the drug — in many cases cheaper than black-market prescription painkillers.
Who is at risk?
Heroin abuse has reached a dismal level which necessitates drastic measures to counter the harmful effects. The CDC identifies the following at a greater risk of getting addicted to heroin:
- Individuals who are dependent on cocaine
- Persons who are addicted to prescription opioid painkillers
- Individuals who are not insured or opted in for Medicaid
- Non-Hispanic whites
- Male and female from 18-25 years old
- Individuals who are dependent on marijuana and alcohol
- People living in a vast metropolitan area
Heroin Addiction Treatment
Heroin addiction treatment centers put up a unique plan for every heroin addict based on the previous discussion with the addicts, members of the family and addiction level of the person involved. These centers provide residential and outpatient care on the addicts. The treatment centers provide a high amount of facilities and medication therapy programs for the addicts. These specialized facilities help heroin addicts to encounter a relaxed atmosphere knowing that it leads to personal reflection and healing for adults and young addicts.
Heroin use is directly related to HIV/AIDS and hepatitis, together with the problem of the heart and brain. To solve this problem, heroin drug rehabs are the most effective options for complete drug treatment. Heroin rehabs design various types of programs for short term and long term care. Inpatient drug treatment facilities are one of the best choices available for people seeking to recover from drug addiction.
Some drug addicts are managed by experienced drug treatment specialists who end up an accomplishing heroin recovery case. These drug rehab centers have a specialized team of professionals for every result oriented drug rehabilitation program, and experts from the industry provide many types of these programs. The staff of these drug rehabs is skilled with numerous experience in working with many drug addicts.
The treatment therapy is depending upon the average person addiction level. Most of the following methods are best drug recovery treatments that will help heroin addicts get over addictions
It withdraws the symptoms of heroin and gives a drug-free life to the addicts. It can be a long-term treatment that uses residential and outpatient treatment programs. The amount of this treatment is at least three to six months. During the treatment, drug rehabs use medications as part of the treatment.
It’s is a secure and efficient program to treat addicted peoples before the last thirty years. The medication therapy is used in this program for 24 to 36 hours. Patients can come out of their mental and emotional reactions. Methadone eliminates the craving that affects on our relapse. Methadone dosages should be carefully monitored in patients who’re taking antiviral therapy for HIV infection.
These combine residential and outpatient approaches. An important task would be to match the most effective treatment method to meet the particular needs of the addict. Cognitive-behavioral approach is built to modify the patient’s thinking and expectations.
LAAM and other medications
LAAM is like methadone used to take care of the heroin addiction. Methadone prevents the effects of heroin as much as seventy-two hours with little side effects. Its long duration of action permits dosing three times weekly. Another medication to take care of heroin addiction is Buprenorphine. It produces a lower level physical reliance.